Anthony Burgess Net Worth
John Anthony Burgess Wilson how much money? For this question we spent 28 hours on research (Wikipedia, Youtube, we read books in libraries, etc) to review the post.
The main source of income: Celebrities
Total Net Worth at the moment 2021 year – is about $152,7 Million.
John Anthony Burgess Wilson information Birth date: February 25, 1917, Harpurhey, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom Death date: November 22, 1993, St Johns Wood, London, United Kingdom Birth place: Manchester, England, UK Profession:Miscellaneous Crew, Writer, Soundtrack Spouse:Liliana Macellari (m. 1968–1993), Llewela Jones (m. 1942–1968)
:How tall is Anthony Burgess – 1,65m.
How much weight is Anthony Burgess – 54kg
John Anthony Burgess Wilson, FRSL (/?b?rd??s/, 25 February 1917 – 22 November 1993) – who published under the pen name Anthony Burgess – was an English writer and composer. From relatively modest beginnings in a Catholic family in Manchester, he eventually became one of the best known English literary figures of the latter half of the twentieth century.Although Burgess was predominantly a comic writer, his dystopian satire A Clockwork Orange remains his best known novel. In 1971 it was adapted into a highly controversial film by Stanley Kubrick, which Burgess said was chiefly responsible for the popularity of the book. Burgess produced numerous other novels, including the Enderby quartet, and Earthly Powers, regarded by most critics as his greatest novel. He wrote librettos and screenplays, including for the 1977 TV mini-series Jesus of Nazareth. He worked as a literary critic, including for The Observer and The Guardian, and wrote studies of classic writers, notably James Joyce. A versatile linguist, Burgess lectured in phonetics, and translated Cyrano de Bergerac, Oedipus the King and the opera Carmen, among others.Burgess also composed over 250 musical works, he sometimes claimed to consider himself as much a composer as an author, although he enjoyed considerably more success in writing.
Biography,Early lifeBurgess was born at 91 Carisbrook Street in Harpurhey, a suburb of Manchester, to Catholic parents (his mother was a convert), Joseph and Elizabeth Wilson. He described his background as lower middle class, growing up during the Great Depression, his parents, who were shopkeepers, were fairly well off, as the demand for their tobacco and alcohol wares remained constant. He was known in childhood as Jack, Little Jack, and Johnny Eagle. At his confirmation, the name Anthony was added and he became John Anthony Burgess Wilson. He began using the pen name Anthony Burgess upon the publication of his 1956 novel Time for a Tiger.His mother Elizabeth (nee Burgess) died at the age of 30 at home on 19 November 1918, during the 1918 flu pandemic. The causes listed on her death certificate were influenza, acute pneumonia, and cardiac failure. His sister Muriel had died four days earlier on 15 November from influenza, broncho-pneumonia, and cardiac failure, aged eight. Burgess believed he was resented by his father, Joseph Wilson, for having survived, when his mother and sister did not.After the death of his mother, Burgess was raised by his maternal aunt, Ann Bromley, in Crumpsall with her two daughters. During this time, Burgesss father worked as a bookkeeper for a beef market by day, and in the evening played piano at a public house in Miles Platting. After his father married the landlady of this pub, Margaret Dwyer, in 1922, Burgess was raised by his father and stepmother. By 1924 the couple had established a tobacconist and off-licence business with four properties. On 18 April 1938, Joseph Wilson died from cardiac failure, pleurisy, and influenza at the age of 55, leaving no inheritance despite his apparent business success.[why?] Burgess stepmother died of a heart attack in 1940.Burgess has said of his largely solitary childhood: I was either distractedly persecuted or ignored. I was one despised…. Ragged boys in gangs would pounce on the well-dressed like myself. He attended St. Edmunds Elementary School before moving on to Bishop Bilsborrow Memorial Elementary School, both Catholic schools, in Moss Side. He later reflected: When I went to school I was able to read. At the Manchester elementary school I attended, most of the children could not read, so I was … a little apart, rather different from the rest. Good grades resulted in a place at Xaverian College (1928–37). As a young child he did not care about music, until he heard on his home-built radio a quite incredible flute solo, which he characterised as sinuous, exotic, erotic, and became spellbound. Eight minutes later the announcer told him he had been listening to Prelude a lapres-midi dun faune by Claude Debussy. He referred to this as a psychedelic moment … a recognition of verbally inexpressible spiritual realities. When Burgess announced to his family that he wanted to be a composer, they objected as there was no money in it. Music was not taught at his school, but at about age 14 he taught himself to play the piano. Burgess had originally hoped to study music at university, but the music department at the Victoria University of Manchester turned down his application because of poor grades in physics. So instead he studied English language and literature there between 1937 and 1940, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts. His thesis concerned Marlowes Doctor Faustus, and he graduated with an upper second-class honours, which he found disappointing. When grading one of Burgesss term papers, the historian A. J. P. Taylor, wrote: Bright ideas insufficient to conceal lack of knowledge.Burgess met Llewela Lynne Isherwood Jones at the University where she was studying economics, politics and modern history, graduating in 1942 with an upper second-class. She reportedly claimed to be a distant relative of Christopher Isherwood, although the Lewis and Biswell biographies dispute this. Burgess and Jones were married on 22 January 1942.Military serviceBurgess spent six weeks in 1940 as an army recruit in Eskbank before becoming a Nursing Orderly Class 3 in the Royal Army Medical Corps. During his service he was unpopular and was involved in incidents such as knocking off a corporals cap and polishing the floor of a corridor to make people slip. In 1941 Burgess was pursued by military police of the British Armed Forces for desertion after overstaying his leave from Morpeth military base with his future bride Lynne. In 1942 he asked to be transferred to the Army Educational Corps and despite his loathing of authority he was promoted to sergeant. During the blackout his pregnant wife Lynne was beaten and raped by four American deserters in her home and perhaps as a result she lost the child. Burgess, stationed at the time in Gibraltar, was denied leave to see her.At his stationing in Gibraltar, which he later wrote about in A Vision of Battlements, he worked as a training college lecturer in speech and drama, teaching alongside Ann McGlinn in German, French and Spanish. McGlinns communist ideology would have a major influence on his later novel A Clockwork Orange. Burgess played a key role in The British Way and Purpose programme, designed to reintroduce members of the forces to the peacetime socialism of the post-war years in Britain. He was an instructor for the Central Advisory Council for Forces Education of the Ministry of Education. Burgess flair for languages was noticed by army intelligence and he took part in debriefings of Dutch expatriates and Free French who found refuge in Gibraltar during the war. In the neighbouring Spanish town of La Linea de la Concepcion he was arrested for insulting General Franco but released from custody shortly after the incident.Early teaching careerBurgess left the army in 1946 with the rank of sergeant-major and was for the next four years a lecturer in speech and drama at the Mid-West School of Education near Wolverhampton and at the Bamber Bridge Emergency Teacher Training College near Preston. Burgess taught in the extramural department of Birmingham University (1946–50).In late 1950 he began working as a secondary school teacher at Banbury Grammar School (now Banbury School) teaching English literature. In addition to his teaching duties he supervised sports and ran the schools drama society. He organised a number of amateur theatrical events in his spare time. These involved local people and students and included productions of T. S. Eliots Sweeney Agonistes. Reports from his former students and colleagues indicate that he cared deeply about teaching.With financial assistance provided by Lynnes father the couple were able to put a down payment on a cottage in the village of Adderbury, close to Banbury. He named the cottage Little Gidding after one of Eliots Four Quartets. Burgess cut his journalistic teeth in Adderbury, writing several articles for the local newspaper, the Banbury Guardian.MalayaThe Malay College in Kuala Kangsar, Perak, where Burgess taught 1954–55In 1954, Burgess joined the British Colonial Service as a teacher and education officer in Malaya, initially stationed at Kuala Kangsar in Perak, in what were then known as the Federated Malay States. Here he taught at the Malay College (now Malay College Kuala Kangsar – MCKK), modeled on English public school lines. In addition to his teaching duties, he was a housemaster in charge of students of the preparatory school, who were housed at a Victorian mansion known as Kings Pavilion. A variety of the music he wrote there was influenced by the country, notably Sinfoni Melayu for orchestra and brass band, which included cries of Merdeka (independence) from the audience. No score, however, is extant.Burgess and his wife had occupied a noisy apartment where privacy was minimal, and this caused resentment. Following a dispute with the Malay Colleges principal about this, Burgess was reposted to the Malay Teachers Training College at Kota Bharu, Kelantan.[better source needed] Burgess attained fluency in Malay, spoken and written, achieving distinction in the examinations in the language set by the Colonial Office. He was rewarded with a salary increase for his proficiency in the language.He devoted some of his free time in Malaya to creative writing as a sort of gentlemanly hobby, because I knew there wasnt any money in it, and published his first novels: Time for a Tiger, The Enemy in the Blanket and Beds in the East. These became known as The Malayan Trilogy and were later published in one volume as The Long Day Wanes.BruneiBurgess was an education officer at the Malay Teachers Training College 1955 and 1958.After a brief period of leave in Britain during 1958, Burgess took up a further Eastern post, this time at the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin College in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. Brunei had been a British protectorate since 1888, and was not to achieve independence until 1984. In the sultanate, Burgess sketched the novel that, when it was published in 1961, was to be entitled Devil of a State and, although it dealt with Brunei, for libel reasons the action had to be transposed to an imaginary East African territory similar to Zanzibar, named Dunia. In his autoBiography, Little Wilson and Big God (1987) Burgess wrote:This novel was, is, about Brunei, which was renamed Naraka, Malay-Sanskrit for hell. Little invention was needed to contrive a large cast of unbelievable characters and a number of interwoven plots. Though completed in 1958, the work was not published until 1961, for what it was worth it was made a choice of the book society. Heinemann, my publisher, was doubtful about publishing it: it might be libellous. I had to change the setting from Brunei to an East African one. Heinemann was right to be timorous. In early 1958, The Enemy in the Blanket appeared and at once provoked a libel suit.About this time Burgess collapsed in a Brunei classroom while teaching history and was diagnosed as having an inoperable brain tumour. Burgess was given just a year to live, prompting him to write several novels to get money to provide for his widow. He gave a different account, however, to Jeremy Isaacs in a Face to Face interview on the BBC The Late Show (21 March 1989). He said Looking back now I see that I was driven out of the Colonial Service. I think possibly for political reasons that were disguised as clinical reasons. He alluded to this in an interview with Don Swaim, explaining that his wife Lynne had said something obscene to the British Queens consort, the Duke of Edinburgh, during an official visit, and the colonial authorities turned against him. He had already earned their displeasure, he told Swaim, by writing articles in the newspaper in support of the revolutionary opposition party the Parti Rakyat Brunei, and for his friendship with its leader Dr. Azahari. Burgess biographers attribute the incident to the authors notorious mythomania. Geoffrey Grigson writes,He was, however, suffering from the effects of prolonged heavy drinking (and associated poor nutrition), of the often oppressive south-east Asian climate, of chronic constipation, and of overwork and professional disappointment. As he put it, the scions of the sultans and of the elite in Brunei did not wish to be taught, because the free-flowing abundance of oil guaranteed their income and privileged status. He may also have wished for a pretext to abandon teaching and get going full-time as a writer, having made a late start.Repatriate yearsBurgess was invalided home in 1959 and relieved of his position in Brunei. He spent some time in the neurological ward of a London hospital (see The Doctor is Sick) where he underwent cerebral tests that found no illness. On discharge, benefiting from a sum of money which Lynne Burgess had inherited from her father, together with their savings built up over six years in the East, he decided to become a full-time writer. The couple lived first in an apartment in Hove, near Brighton. They later moved to a semi-detached house called Applegarth in Etchingham, approximately a mile from the Jacobean house where Rudyard Kipling had lived in Burwash, and one mile from the Robertsbridge home of Malcolm Muggeridge. Upon the death of Burgesss father-in-law, the couple used their inheritance to decamp to a terraced town house in Chiswick. This provided convenient access to the White City BBC television studios where he later became a frequent guest. During these years Burgess became a regular drinking partner of the novelist William S. Burroughs. Their meetings took place in London and Tangiers.A sea voyage the couple took with the Baltic Line from Tilbury to Leningrad in June 1961 resulted in the novel Honey for the Bears. He wrote in his autobiographical Youve Had Your Time (1990), that in re-learning Russian at this time, he found inspiration for the Russian-based slang Nadsat that he created for A Clockwork Orange, going on to note I would resist to the limit any publishers demand that a glossary be provided.[Notes 1]Liliana Macellari, an Italian translator twelve years younger than Burgess, came across his novels Inside Mr. Enderby and A Clockwork Orange, while writing about English fiction. The two first met in 1963 over lunch in Chiswick and began an affair. In 1964, Liana gave birth to Burgess son, Paolo Andrea. The affair was hidden from Burgesss now-alcoholic wife, whom he refused to leave for fear of offending his cousin (by Burgesss stepmother, Margaret Dwyer Wilson), George Dwyer, then the Roman Catholic Bishop of Leeds.Lynne Burgess died from cirrhosis of the liver, on 20 March 1968. Six months later, in September 1968, Burgess married Liana, acknowledging her four-year-old boy as his own, although the birth certificate listed Roy Halliday, Lianas former partner, as the father. Paolo Andrea (also known as Andrew Burgess Wilson) died in London in 2002, aged 37. Liana died in 2007.Tax exileBurgess was a Conservative (though, as he clarified in an interview with The Paris Review, his political views could be considered a kind of anarchism since his ideal of a Catholic Jacobite imperial monarch wasnt practicable), a (lapsed) Catholic and Monarchist, harbouring a distaste for all republics. He believed that socialism for the most part was ridiculous but did concede that socialized medicine is a priority in any civilized country today. To avoid the 90% tax the family would have incurred because of their high income, they left Britain and toured Europe in a Bedford Dormobile motor-home. During their travels through France and across the Alps, Burgess wrote in the back of the van as Liana drove. In this period, he wrote novels and produced film scripts for Lew Grade and Franco Zeffirelli. His first place of residence after leaving England was Lija, Malta (1968–70). The negative reaction from a lecture that Burgess delivered to an audience of Catholic priests in Malta precipitated a move by the couple to Italy. The Burgesses maintained a flat in Rome, a country house in Bracciano, and a property in Montalbuccio. On hearing rumours of a mafia plot to kidnap Paolo-Andrea while the family was staying in Rome, Burgess decided to move to Monaco in 1975. Burgess was also motivated to move to the tax haven of Monaco as the country did not level income tax and widows were exempt from death duties, a form of taxation on their husbands estates.The couple also had a villa in Provence, in Callian, Var, France, and an apartment just off Baker Street, London.Burgesss grave marker at the Columbarium in Monacos cemetery.Burgess lived for two years in the United States, working as a visiting professor at Princeton University with the creative writing program (1970) and as a distinguished professor at the City College of New York (1972). At City College he was a close colleague and friend of Joseph Heller. He went on to teach creative writing at Columbia University and was writer-in-residence at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1969) and at the University at Buffalo (1976). He lectured on the novel at the University of Iowa in 1975. Eventually he settled in Monaco in 1976, where he was active in the local community, becoming a co-founder in 1984 of the Princess Grace Irish Library, a centre for Irish cultural studies.Although Burgess lived not far from Graham Greene, whose house was in Antibes, Greene became aggrieved shortly before his death by comments in newspaper articles by Burgess, and broke off all contact. Gore Vidal revealed in his 2006 memoir Point to Point Navigation that Greene disapproved of Burgesss appearance on various European television stations to discuss his (Burgess) books. Vidal recounts that Greene apparently regarded a willingness to appear on television as something that ought to be beneath a writers dignity. He talks about his books, Vidal quotes an exasperated Greene as saying.During this time, Burgess spent much time at his chalet two kilometres outside Lugano, Switzerland.DeathBurgess wrote: I shall die somewhere in the Mediterranean lands, with an inaccurate obituary in the Nice-Matin, unmourned, soon forgotten. In fact he died in the country of his birth. He returned to Twickenham, an outer suburb of London, where he owned a house, to await death. Burgess died on 22 November 1993 from lung cancer, at the Hospital of St John & St Elizabeth in London. His ashes were inurned at the Monaco Cemetery. The epitaph on Burgesss marble memorial stone, reads: Abba Abba. The phrase has several connotations. It means Father, father in Aramaic, Arabic, Hebrew and other Semitic languages. It is Burgesss initials forwards and backwards, part of the rhyme scheme for the Petrarchan sonnet, and the title of Burgesss 22nd novel, concerning the death of Keats. Eulogies at his memorial service at St Pauls, Covent Garden, London in 1994 were delivered by the journalist Auberon Waugh and the novelist William Boyd. The Times obituary heralded the author as a great moralist. His estate was worth $3 million, and left a large European property portfolio of houses and apartments.
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